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Rybacka, A.* ; Rudén, C.* ; Tetko, I.V. ; Andersson, P.L.*

Identifying potential endocrine disruptors among industrial chemicals and their metabolites - development and evaluation of in silico tools.

Chemosphere 139, 372-378 (2015)
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
The aim of this study was to improve the identification of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) by developing and evaluating in silico tools that predict interactions at the estrogen (E) and androgen (A) receptors, and binding to transthyretin (T). In particular, the study focuses on evaluating the use of the EAT models in combination with a metabolism simulator to study the significance of bioactivation for endocrine disruption. Balanced accuracies of the EAT models ranged from 77-87%, 62-77%, and 65-89% for E-, A-, and T-binding respectively. The developed models were applied on a set of more than 6000 commonly used industrial chemicals of which 9% were predicted E- and/or A-binders and 1% were predicted T-binders. The numbers of E- and T-binders increased 2- and 3-fold, respectively, after metabolic transformation, while the number of A-binders marginally changed. In-depth validation confirmed that several of the predicted bioactivated E- or T-binders demonstrated in vivo estrogenic activity or influenced blood levels of thyroxine in vivo. The metabolite simulator was evaluated using in vivo data from the literature which showed a 50% accuracy for studied chemicals. The study stresses, in summary, the importance of including metabolic activation in prioritization activities of potentially emerging contaminants.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Androgen ; Endocrine Disruptor ; Estrogen ; Metabolism ; Qsar ; Transthyretin
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0045-6535
e-ISSN 1879-1298
Journal Chemosphere
Quellenangaben Volume: 139, Issue: , Pages: 372-378 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place Kidlington, Oxford
Reviewing status Peer reviewed