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Schubert, R.* ; Sperisen, C.* ; Müller-Starck, G.* ; la Scala, S* ; Ernst, D. ; Sandermann, H. ; Häger, K.-P.*

The cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene structure in Picea abies (L.) Karst.: genomic sequences, Southern hybridization, genetic analysis and phylogenetic relationships.

Trees-Struct. Funct. 12, 453-463 (1998)
DOI
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Based on PCR technologies, we have isolated three genomic cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) clones from Norway spruce, Picea abies (L.) Karst., revealing about 99% identity within their protein coding regions. All clones contain five introns with an identity of 97–100% for intervening sequences II, III and IV, whereas intron V sequences revealed only 87–89% identity. Intron I sequences share an identity of 85–98% among all three clones. Intron IV is only present in Norway spruce and not found in published genomic CAD sequences of angiosperms. Tandem repeats between 24 and 49 bp were discovered within intervening sequences I and V. Southern hybridization of seedling DNA and PCR-based intron analyses using diploid leaf buds and haploid megagametophytes indicate the existence of a small CAD gene family within the spruce genome, consisting of at least two loci. Evolutionary analyses of CAD encoding sequences using distance matrix- and parsimony-based methods revealed that CADs from angiosperms form a clade distinct from those of gymnosperms. Confirmed by maximal bootstrap values of 100%, a gene duplication gave rise to two different groups of angiospermous CADs and this duplication may have occurred in an early stage of angiosperm radiation, certainly before the separation of the Dilleniidae and Rosidae lineages. Phylogenetic investigations suggest angiosperm CAD II sequences to have evolved more rapidly than angiosperm CAD I genes. On the other hand, CAD gene evolution appears to be significantly slower in conifers than in angiosperms.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0931-1890
e-ISSN 1432-2285
Quellenangaben Volume: 12, Issue: 8, Pages: 453-463 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place Berlin ; Heidelberg ; New York
Reviewing status Peer reviewed