This work describes an ultra-fast-cycling gas chromatography module (fast-GC module) for direct-sampling gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The sample can be introduced into the fast-GC module using a common GC injector or any GC×GC modulator. The new fast-GC module offers the possibility to conduct a complete temperature cycle within 30 s. Its thermal mass is minimized by using a specially developed home-built fused silica capillary column stack and a halogen lamp for heat generation, both placed inside a gold-coated quartz glass cylinder. A high airflow blower enables rapid cooling. The new device is highly flexible concerning the used separation column, the applied temperature program and the integration into existing systems. An application of the fast-GC module is shown in this work by thermal analysis coupled to gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (TA-GC-MS). The continuously evolving gases of the TA are modulated by a liquid CO2 modulator. Due to the rapid cycling of the fast-GC module, it is possible to obtain the best separation while maintaining the online character of the TA. Restrictions in separation and retention time shifting, known from isothermal and normal ramped fast-GC systems, are overcome.