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New particle formation above a simulated salt lake in aerosol chamber experiments.
Environ. Chem. 12, 489-503 (2015)
DOI Verlagsversion bestellen
In recent field experiments, particle formation has been observed above salt lakes in Western Australia and related to changes in regional precipitation patterns. This work investigates the particle formation potential above a simulated salt lake in aerosol chamber experiments under various conditions. The salt lake mixture comprised fixed concentrations of NaBr, NaCl and Na2SO4, and varying concentrations of FeSO4 and FeCl3. Further, an organic mixture of 1,8-cineol and limonene was added under dark and light conditions. Both the presence of organic compounds and of light were found to be essential for new particle formation in our experiments. There were clear indications for conversion of Fe-II to Fe-III, which suggests a Fenton-like reaction mechanism in the system. Contrary to the idea that a Fenton-like reaction mechanism might intensify the oxidation of organic matter, thus facilitating secondary organic aerosol formation, the observed particle formation started later and with lower intensity under elevated Fe-II concentrations. The highest particle number concentrations were observed when excluding Fe-II from the experiments. Chemical analysis of the formed aerosol confirmed the important role of the Fenton-like reaction for particle formation in this study. Ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry and Raman spectroscopy provide analytical proof for the formation of organosulfates and halogenated organic compounds in the experiments presented. Even though halogens and organic precursors are abundant in these experimental simulations, halogen-induced organic aerosol formation exists but seems to play a minor overall role in particle formation.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Secondary Organic Aerosol; Hydrogen-peroxide; Oxidation-products; Phase Reactions; Soa Formation; Isoprene; Gas; Chemistry; Emissions; Chloride
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1448-2517
Zeitschrift Environmental Chemistry
Quellenangaben Band: 12, Heft: 4, Seiten: 489-503
Verlag CSIRO PUBLISHING
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry (BGC)