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Diffusive mass exchange of non-reactive substances in dual-porosity porous systems - column experiments under saturated conditions.

Hydrol. Process. 30, 914-926 (2016)
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Diffusive mass exchange into immobile water regions within heterogeneous porous aquifers influences the fate of solutes. The percentage of immobile water is often unidentified in natural aquifers though. Hence, the mathematical prediction of solute transport in such heterogeneous aquifers remains challenging. The objective of this study was to find a simple analytical model approach that allows quantifying properties of mobile and immobile water regions and the portion of immobile water in a porous system. Therefore, the Single Fissure Dispersion Model (SFDM), which takes into account diffusive mass exchange between mobile and immobile water zones, was applied to model transport in well-defined saturated dual-porosity column experiments. Direct and indirect model validation was performed by running experiments at different flow velocities and using conservative tracer with different molecular diffusion coefficients. In another column setup, immobile water regions were randomly distributed to test the model applicability and to determine the portion of immobile water. In all setups, the tracer concentration curves showed differences in normalized maximum peak concentration, tailing and mass recovery according to their diffusion coefficients. These findings were more pronounced at lower flow rates (larger flow times) indicating the dependency of diffusive mass exchange into immobile water regions on tracers' molecular diffusion coefficients. The SFDM simulated all data with high model efficiency. Successful model validation supported the physical meaning of fitted model parameters. This study showed that the SFDM, developed for fissured aquifers, is applicable in porous media and can be used to determine porosity and volume of regions with immobile water.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Clay ; Diffusion ; Groundwater ; Immobile Water ; Mathematical Modelling ; Tracer Experiments; Solute Transport; Contaminant Transport; Matrix Diffusion; Laboratory Experiments; Bacterial Transport; Tracer Experiments; Unsaturated Sand; Fractured Rocks; Immobile Water; Fissured Rocks
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0885-6087
e-ISSN 1099-1085
Quellenangaben Band: 30, Heft: 6, Seiten: 914-926 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort Hoboken
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed