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Kluth, O.* ; Matzke, D.* ; Kamitz, A.* ; Jähnert, M.* ; Vogel, H.* ; Scherneck, S.* ; Schulze, M.* ; Staiger, H. ; Machicao, F. ; Häring, H.-U. ; Joost, H.G.* ; Schürmann, A.*

Identification of four mouse diabetes candidate genes altering β-cell proliferation.

PLoS Genet. 11:e1005506 (2015)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Beta-cell apoptosis and failure to induce beta-cell regeneration are hallmarks of type 2-like diabetes in mouse models. Here we show that islets from obese, diabetes-susceptible New Zealand Obese (NZO) mice, in contrast to diabetes-resistant C57BL/6J (B6)-ob/ob mice, do not proliferate in response to an in-vivo glucose challenge but lose their beta-cells. Genome-wide RNAseq based transcriptomics indicated an induction of 22 cell cycle-associated genes in B6-ob/ob islets that did not respond in NZO islets. Of all genes differentially expressed in islets of the two strains, seven mapped to the diabesity QTL Nob3, and were hypomorphic in either NZO (Lefty1, Apoa2, Pcp4l1, Mndal, Slamf7, Pydc3) or B6 (Ifi202b). Adenoviral overexpression of Lefty1, Apoa2, and Pcp4l1 in primary islet cells increased proliferation, whereas overexpression of Ifi202b suppressed it. We conclude that the identified genes in synergy with obesity and insulin resistance participate in adaptive islet hyperplasia and prevention from severe diabetes in B6-ob/ob mice.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1553-7390
e-ISSN 1553-7404
Zeitschrift PLoS Genetics
Quellenangaben Band: 11, Heft: 9, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: e1005506 Supplement: ,
Verlag Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed