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Tsuprykov, O.* ; Chaykovska, L.* ; Kretschmer, D.* ; Stasch, J.-P.* ; Pfab, T.* ; Krause-Relle, K.* ; Reichetzeder. C.* ; Kalk, P.* ; Adamski, J. ; Hocher, B.*

Endothelin-1 overexpression improves renal function in eNOS knockout mice.

Cell. Physiol. Biochem. 37, 1474-1490 (2015)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the renal phenotype under conditions of an activated renal ET-1 system in the status of nitric oxide deficiency, we compared kidney function and morphology in wild-type, ET-1 transgenic (ET+/+), endothelial nitric oxide synthase knockout (eNOS-/-) and ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. METHODS: We assessed blood pressure, parameters of renal morphology, plasma cystatin C, urinary protein excretion, expression of genes associated with glomerular filtration barrier and tissue remodeling, and plasma metabolites using metabolomics. RESULTS: eNOS-/- and ET+/+eNOS-/- mice developed hypertension. Osteopontin, albumin and protein excretion were increased in eNOS-/- and restored in ET+/+eNOS-/- animals. All genetically modified mice developed renal interstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis. Genes involved in tissue remodeling (serpine1, TIMP1, Col1a1, CCL2) were up-regulated in eNOS-/-, but not in ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. Plasma levels of free carnitine and acylcarnitines, amino acids, diacyl phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines and hexoses were descreased in eNOS-/- and were in the normal range in ET+/+eNOS-/- mice. CONCLUSION: eNOS-/- mice developed renal dysfunction, which was partially rescued by ET-1 overexpression in eNOS-/- mice. The metabolomics results suggest that ET-1 overexpression on top of eNOS knockout is associated with a functional recovery of mitochondria (rescue effect in β-oxidation of fatty acids) and an increase in antioxidative properties (normalization of monounsaturated fatty acids levels).
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Chronic Kidney Disease ; Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase ; Endothelin ; Mice ; Nitric Oxide
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1015-8987
e-ISSN 1421-9778
Quellenangaben Band: 37, Heft: 4, Seiten: 1474-1490 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Karger
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Molecular endocrinology and metabolism (MEM)
Institute of Experimental Genetics (IEG)