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Modeling human genetic radiation risks around nuclear facilities in Germany and five neighboring countries: A sex ratio study.

Environ. Modell. Softw. 79, 343-353 (2016)
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Ionizing radiation causes genetic mutations, and nuclear facilities, research reactors, and power reactors discharge radionuclides and neutrons. On the basis of exhaustive municipality data, we considered the human birth sex ratio in 78 million births in Austria, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Switzerland, and The Netherlands (1957–2013). We present a novel environmental health modeling concept expressing the spatiotemporal association of the sex ratio with minimum distance from operating or decommissioned nuclear facilities. Spatial correlation of the sex ratio is assessed by directional and omnidirectional semivariogram analyses. We detected elevated human sex ratios near nuclear facilities, whether we analyzed comprehensive groups of nuclear installations, or looked at individual facilities in a descriptive and exploratory manner. The sex ratio increases are typically between a few per mill and a few percent, and they occur in regions of up to 40 km around the nuclear installations. Intensifying research in the field of radiation induced genetic effects is recommended.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Big data; Change-point; Environmental health risk modeling; Nuclear facilities; Radiation induced genetic effects; Rayleigh function; Sex odds; Shifted Gaussian function; Variogram analysis; Power-plant Accident; Female Birth Ratio; Chernobyl Accident; Down-syndrome; Congenital-malformations; Perinatal-mortality; Ionizing-radiation; Childhood-cancer; Global Risk; Exposure
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1364-8152
e-ISSN 1873-6726
Quellenangaben Volume: 79, Issue: , Pages: 343-353 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place Oxford
Reviewing status Peer reviewed