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Catani, M.* ; Walther, D.* ; Christie, M.R.* ; McLaughlin, K.A.* ; Bonifacio, E. ; Eugster, A.*

Isolation of human monoclonal autoantibodies derived from pancreatic lymph node and peripheral blood B cells of islet autoantibody-positive patients.

Diabetologia 59, 294-298 (2016)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Autoantibodies against pancreatic islets and infections by enteroviruses are associated with type 1 diabetes, but the specificity of immune responses within the type 1 diabetic pancreas is poorly characterised. We investigated whether pancreatic lymph nodes could provide a source of antigen-specific B cells for analysis of immune responses within the (pre)diabetic pancreas. METHODS: Human IgG antibodies were cloned from single B lymphocytes sorted from pancreatic lymph node cells of three organ donors positive for islet autoantibodies, and from the peripheral blood of a patient with type 1 diabetes. Antibodies to insulinoma-associated antigen 2 (IA-2), GAD65, zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8) and Coxsackie B virus proteins were assayed by immunoprecipitation and by immunofluorescence on pancreatic sections. RESULTS: Human IgG antibodies (863) were successfully cloned and produced from 4,092 single B cells from lymph nodes and peripheral blood. Reactivity to the protein tyrosine phosphatase domain of the IA-2 autoantigen was detected in two cloned antibodies: one derived from a pancreatic lymph node and one from peripheral blood. Epitopes for these two antibodies were similar to each other and to those for circulating antibodies in type 1 diabetes. The remaining 861 antibodies were negative for reactivity to IA-2, GAD65 or ZnT8 by both assays tested. Reactivity to a Coxsackie viral protein 2 was detected in one antibody derived from a peripheral blood B cell, but not from lymph nodes. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We show evidence for the infrequent presence of autoantigen-specific IgG(+) B lymphocytes in the pancreatic-draining lymph nodes of islet autoantibody-positive individuals.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Autoantibodies ; Coxsackie Virus ; Igg Expression ; Single-cell Pcr ; Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus; T-cells; Type-1; Epitope
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0012-186X
e-ISSN 1432-0428
Journal Diabetologia
Quellenangaben Volume: 59, Issue: 2, Pages: 294-298 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place Berlin ; Heidelberg [u.a.]
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)