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Bognar, M. ; Vincendeau, M. ; Erdmann, T.* ; Seeholzer, T. ; Grau, M.* ; Linnemann, J. ; Ruland, J.* ; Scheel, C. ; Lenz, P.* ; Ott, G.* ; Lenz, G.* ; Hauck, S.M. ; Krappmann, D.

Oncogenic CARMA1 couples NF-κB and β-catenin signaling in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

Oncogene 35, 4269-4281 (2016)
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Constitutive activation of the antiapoptotic nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway is a hallmark of the activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). Recurrent oncogenic mutations are found in the scaffold protein CARMA1 (CARD11) that connects B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling to the canonical NF-κB pathway. We asked how far additional downstream processes are activated and contribute to the oncogenic potential of DLBCL-derived CARMA1 mutants. To this end, we expressed oncogenic CARMA1 in the NF-κB negative DLBCL lymphoma cell line BJAB. By a proteomic approach we identified recruitment of β-catenin and its destruction complex consisting of APC, AXIN1, CK1α and GSK3β to oncogenic CARMA1. Recruitment of the β-catenin destruction complex was independent of CARMA1-BCL10-MALT1 complex formation or constitutive NF-κB activation and promoted the stabilization of β-catenin. The β-catenin destruction complex was also recruited to CARMA1 in ABC DLBCL cell lines, which coincided with elevated β-catenin expression. In line, β-catenin was frequently detected in non-GCB DLBCL biopsies that rely on chronic BCR signaling. Increased β-catenin amounts alone were not sufficient to induce classical WNT target gene signatures, but could augment TCF/LEF-dependent transcriptional activation in response to WNT signaling. In conjunction with NF-κB, β-catenin enhanced expression of immunosuppressive interleukin-10 and suppressed antitumoral CCL3, indicating that β-catenin can induce a favorable tumor microenvironment. Thus, parallel activation of NF-κB and β-catenin signaling by gain-of-function mutations in CARMA1 augments WNT stimulation and is required for regulating the expression of distinct NF-κB target genes to trigger cell-intrinsic and extrinsic processes that promote DLBCL lymphomagenesis.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Glycogen-synthase Kinase-3; Rna Interference; Intestinal Tumorigenesis; Card11 Mutations; Abc-dlbcl; Activation; Inhibition; Expression; Immunity; Cancer
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0950-9232
e-ISSN 0950-9232
Journal Oncogene
Quellenangaben Volume: 35, Issue: 32, Pages: 4269-4281 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed