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Extraction kinetics of coffee aroma compounds using a semi-automatic machine: On-line analysis by PTR-ToF-MS.
Int. J. Mass Spectrom. 401, 22-30 (2016)
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The hot-water extraction process used to make an espresso coffee is affected by a large number of factors. A proper understanding of how these factors impact the profile of the final cup is important to the quality of an espresso coffee. This work examines the effect of water temperature and pressure on the extraction kinetics of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in coffee. This was achieved by on-line monitoring of the volatiles directly from the coffee flow, using proton-transfer-reaction time-of-flight mass-spectrometry (PTR-ToF-MS). Using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), tentatively identified compounds were grouped into 5 families according to their time-intensity profiles. VOCs grouped into each family had similar physicochemical properties while polarity was found to be one of the main forces driving VOC extraction kinetics. The effect of pressure was studied by extracting espresso coffees at 7, 9 and 11. bar. A pressure of 11. bar resulted in an increased extraction of volatiles over the entire extraction time (25. s). To study the effect of temperature, espresso coffees were extracted at 82, 92 and 96. °C. An increase in temperature produced a significant increase in the extraction of VOCs, especially during the last part of the extraction. The effect of temperature on extractability was more pronounced for the less polar compounds.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Aroma ; Coffee ; Coffee Machine ; Extraction ; On-line ; Ptr-ms; Reaction-mass-spectrometry; Espresso Coffee; Final Quality; Flavor Formation; Impact; Beans
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1387-3806
Zeitschrift International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Quellenangaben Band: 401, Seiten: 22-30
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed