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How suitable is MALDI-TOF for metabolite imaging from clinical formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue samples in comparison to MALDI-FT-ICR mass spectrometry?

Anal. Chem. 88, 5281-5289 (2016)
Postprint DOI
Open Access Green
as soon as is submitted to ZB.
In research and clinical settings formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens are collected routinely and therefore this material constitutes a highly valuable source to gather insight in metabolic changes of diseases. Among mass spectrometry techniques to examine the molecular content of FFPE tissue mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is the most appropriate when morphological and histological features shall be related to metabolic information. Currently, high resolution mass spectrometers are widely used for metabolomics studies. However, with regards to matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) MSI no study has so far addressed the necessity of instrumental mass resolving power in terms of clinical diagnosis and prognosis using archived FFPE tissue. For this matter we performed for the first time a comprehensive comparison between a high mass resolution Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer and a time-of-flight (TOF) instrument with lower mass resolving power. Spectra analysis revealed that about one third of the detected peaks remained unresolved by MALDI-TOF which led to a three to five time lower number of m/z features compared to FT-ICR measurements. Overlaid peak information and background noise in TOF images made a precise assignment of molecular attributes to morphological features more difficult and limited classification approaches. This clearly demonstrates the need for high mass resolution capabilities for metabolite imaging. Nevertheless, MALDI-TOF allowed reproducing and verifying individual markers identified previously by MALDI-FT-ICR MSI. The systematic comparison gives rise to synergistically combine the different MSI platforms for high-throughput discovery and validation of biomarkers.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords High-resolution; Pressure; Cancer; Chromatography; Carcinoma; Platform; Model
Reviewing status