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Lorenz, N.* ; Reiger, M.* ; Toro-Nahuelpan, M.* ; Brachmann, A.* ; Poettinger, L.* ; Plener, L.* ; Lassak, J.* ; Jung, K.*

Identification and initial characterization of prophages in Vibrio campbellii.

PLoS ONE 11:e156010 (2016)
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Phages are bacteria targeting viruses and represent the most abundant biological entities on earth. Marine environments are exceptionally rich in bacteriophages, harboring a total of 4x10(30) viruses. Nevertheless, marine phages remain poorly characterized. Here we describe the identification of intact prophage sequences in the genome of the marine gamma-proteobacterium Vibrio campbellii ATCC BAA-1116 (formerly known as V. harveyi ATCC BAA-1116), which presumably belong to the family of Myoviridae. One prophage was found on chromosome I and shows significant similarities to the previously identified phage Phi HAP-1. The second prophage region is located on chromosome II and is related to Vibrio phage kappa. Exposure of V. campbellii to mitomycin C induced the lytic cycle of two morphologically distinct phages and, as expected, extracellular DNA from induced cultures was found to be specifically enriched for the sequences previously identified as prophage regions. Heat stress (50 degrees C, 30 min) was also found to induce phage release in V. campbellii. Notably, promoter activity of two representative phage genes indicated heterogeneous phage induction within the population.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Escherichia-coli; Real-time; Milky Sea; Harveyi; Induction; Bacteriophage; Cholerae; Genome; Bioluminescence; Construction
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1932-6203
Journal PLoS ONE
Quellenangaben Volume: 11, Issue: 5, Pages: , Article Number: e156010 Supplement: ,
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Publishing Place Lawrence, Kan.
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Environmental Medicine (IEM)