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Berninger, M.T.* ; Mohajerani, P. ; Kimm, M.* ; Masius, S.* ; Ma, X. ; Wildgruber, M.* ; Haller, B.* ; Anton, M.* ; Imhoff, A.B.* ; Ntziachristos, V. ; Henning, T.D.* ; Meier, R.*

Fluorescence molecular tomography of DiR-labeled mesenchymal stem cell implants for osteochondral defect repair in rabbit knees.

Eur. Radiol. 27, 1105-1113 (2017)
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
OBJECTIVES: To assess labelling efficiency of rabbit mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) using the near-infrared dye 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindotricarbocyanine iodide (DiR) and detection of labelled MSCs for osteochondral defect repair in a rabbit model using fluorescence molecular tomography-X-ray computed tomography (FMT-XCT). METHODS: MSCs were isolated from New Zealand White rabbits and labelled with DiR (1.25-20 μg/mL). Viability and induction of apoptosis were assessed by XTT- and Caspase-3/-7-testing. Chondrogenic potential was evaluated by measurement of glycosaminoglycans. Labelled cells and unlabeled controls (n = 3) underwent FMT-XCT imaging before and after chondrogenic differentiation. Osteochondral defects were created surgically in rabbit knees (n = 6). Unlabeled and labelled MSCs were implanted in fibrin-clots and imaged by FMT-XCT. Statistical analyses were performed using multiple regression models. RESULTS: DiR-labelling of MSCs resulted in a dose-dependent fluorescence signal on planar images in trans-illumination mode. No significant reduction in viability or induction of apoptosis was detected at concentrations below 10 μg DiR/mL (p > .05); the chondrogenic potential of MSCs was not affected (p > .05). FMT-XCT of labelled MSCs in osteochondral defects showed a significant signal of the transplant (p < .05) with additional high-resolution anatomical information about its osteochondral integration. CONCLUSIONS: FMT-XCT allows for detection of stem cell implantation within osteochondral regeneration processes. KEY POINTS: • DiR-labelling of MSCs shows no toxic side effects or impairment of chondrogenesis. • Fluorescence molecular tomography allows for detection of MSCs for osteochondral defect repair. • FMT-XCT helps to improve evaluation of cell implantation and osteochondral regeneration processes.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Cell Labelling ; Fluorescence Molecular Imaging ; Mesenchymal Stem Cells ; Osteochondral ; Rabbit; Ray Computed-tomography; In-vitro; Cartilage Defects; Seeding Density; Model; Differentiation; Proliferation; Chondrocytes; Hydrogels; Tracking
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0938-7994
e-ISSN 1432-1084
Zeitschrift European Radiology
Quellenangaben Band: 27, Heft: 3, Seiten: 1105-1113 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort New York
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed