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Mayorga, O.* ; Bühler, S.* ; Jaeger, V.K.* ; Bally, S.* ; Hatz, C.* ; Frösner, G. ; Protzer, U. ; van Damme, P.* ; Egger, M.* ; Herzog, C.*

Single dose hepatitis A immunisation: 7.5 year observational pilot study in Nicaraguan children to assess protective effectiveness and humoral immune memory response.

J. Infect. Dis. 214, 1498-1506 (2016)
Verlagsversion Postprint DOI
Open Access Green
BACKGROUND:  Universal two-dose hepatitis A virus (HAV) vaccination of toddlers effectively controls hepatitis A. High vaccine costs impede, however, implementation in endemic countries. To test single-dose vaccination as a possible alternative, we initiated an observational, longitudinal study in Nicaragua, to assess protective effectiveness and - through challenge vaccination - humoral immune memory response. METHODS:  Following a 2003 serosurvey, 130 originally seronegative children received 2005 one dose virosomal HAV vaccine, followed by yearly serological and clinical assessments until 2012. After 7.5 years, a vaccine booster was administered. Concurrent antibody screening of patients presenting with hepatitis symptoms documented persistent HAV circulation in the communities studied. RESULTS:  Between serosurvey and vaccination, 25 children contracted hepatitis A subclinically (>8,000 mIU/mL anti-HAV). In the remaining 105 children, immunisation resulted in 17-572 mIU/mL anti-HAV. Under the ≥15% annual infection risk, an estimated 60% of children were exposed to HAV encounters during follow-up. No child presented with hepatitis symptomatology. Serological breakthrough infection (7106 mIU/mL) was documented in one child, representing an estimated 98.3% (95%CI, 87.9-99.8) protective effectiveness. Boosting elicited an average 29.7-fold increase of anti-HAV levels. CONCLUSIONS:  In children living in hyperendemic settings, one dose of virosomal HAV vaccine is sufficient to activate immune memory and may provide long-term protection.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Hepatitis A ; Single-dose Vaccination ; Hepatitis A Vaccine ; Children ; Protective Effectiveness ; Long-term Follow-up ; Booster Interval ; Immune Memory; Vaccine Failure; Follow-up; Argentina; Impact; Virus; Seroprevalence; Surveillance; Infections; Strategy; Israel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-1899
e-ISSN 1537-6613
Quellenangaben Band: 214, Heft: 10, Seiten: 1498-1506 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Oxford University Press
Verlagsort Cary
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed