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Stereotactic radiosurgery of brain metastases.
J. Neurosurg. Sci. 60, 357-366 (2016)
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Brain metastases are a common problem in solid malignancies and still represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality. With the ongoing improvement in systemic therapies, the expectations on the efficacy of brain metastases directed treatment options are growing. As local therapies against brain metastases continue to evolve, treatment patterns have shifted from a palliative "one-treatment-fits-all" towards an individualized, patient adapted approach. In this article we review the evidence for stereotactic radiation treatment based on the current literature. Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) as a local high precision approach for the primary treatment of asymptomatic brain metastases has gained wide acceptance. It leads to lasting tumor control with only minor side effects compared to whole brain radiotherapy, since there is only little dose delivered to the healthy brain. The same holds true for hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (HFSRT) for large metastases or for lesions close to organs at risk (e.g. the brainstem). New treatment indications such as neoadjuvant SRS followed by surgical resection or postoperative local therapy to the resection cavity show promising data and are also highlighted in this manuscript. With the evolution of local treatment options, optimal patient selection becomes more and more crucial. This article aims to aid decision making by outlining prognostic factors, treatment techniques and indications and common dose prescriptions.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Schlagwörter Radiosurgery ; Neoplasm Metastasis ; Brain Neoplasms ; Toxicity ; Radiotherapy; Postoperative Resection Cavity; Graded Prognostic Assessment; Clinical-practice Guideline; Intracranial Metastases; Radiation Necrosis; Surgical Resection; Tumor-control; Radiotherapy; Therapy; Management
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0390-5616
Zeitschrift Journal of neurosurgical sciences
Quellenangaben Band: 60, Heft: 3, Seiten: 357-366
Verlag Ed. Minerva Medica
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Radiation Medicine (IRM)