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Survival prediction with limited features: A top performing approach from the DREAM ALS Stratification Prize4Life challenge.

In: (30th Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2016), Barcelona Spain). 2016.
Survival prediction with small sets of features is a highly relevant topic for decision-making in clinical practice. I describe a method for predicting survival of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients that was developed as a submission to the DREAM ALS Stratification Prize4Life Challenge held in summer 2015 to find the most accurate prediction of ALS progression and survival. ALS is a neurodegenerative disease with very heterogeneous survival times. Based on patient data from two national registries, solvers were asked to predict survival for three different time intervals, which was then evaluated on undisclosed information from additional data. I describe methods used to generate new features from existing ones from longitudinal data, selecting the most predictive features, and developing the best survival model. I show that easily obtainable engineered features can significantly improve prediction and could be incorporated into clinical practice. Furthermore, my prediction model confirms previous reports suggesting that past disease progression measured by the ALSFRS (ALS functional rating scale score), time since disease onset, onset site, and age are strong predictors for survival. Regarding prediction accuracy, this approach ranked second.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Konferenzbeitrag
Konferenztitel 30th Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2016)
Konferenzort Barcelona Spain