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Kessel, K.A. ; Hesse, J.* ; Straube, C.* ; Zimmer, C.* ; Schmidt-Graf, F.* ; Schlegel, J.* ; Meyer, B.* ; Combs, S.E.

Validation of an established prognostic score after re-irradiation of recurrent glioma.

Acta Oncol. 56, 422-426 (2017)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Background: Re-irradiation (Re-RT) is offered widely in clinical routine, and has been established as a key element in the treatment of recurrent gliomas. At our center, generally re-resection is performed widely by an experienced neurosurgical team. Thus, Re-RT mostly offered to patients with macroscopic residuals or irresectable lesions, is applied later compared to other centers. Therefore, we sought to validate the Combs Prognostic Score developed in 2012 using our independent patient cohort. Patients and methods: We included 199 patients treated from 2002 until April 2016 for recurrent glioma at the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Klinikum Rechts der Isar, Munich. Different concepts of Re-RT were applied. Results: Median follow-up after Re-RT was 2.5 months. Median overall survival (OS) after Re-RT was 7.9 months for WHO IV gliomas, 11.3 months for WHO III gliomas, and 13.6 months for low-grade gliomas (WHO I/II). Univariate analyses confirmed the prognostic factors primary histology (p = 0.001), age (p = 0.002), and time between primary radiotherapy and Re-RT (p < 0.001). We also tested Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS), gender, and neurological symptoms before Re-RT as well as planning target volume and found only KPS also significant at p < 0.001. Comparing the prognostic score groups, the outcome was highly statistically significant at p < 0.001. Conclusion: In our analysis, we validated the Combs Prognostic Score. Validation in this independent large patient cohort confirms the significance of the score for glioma recurrences. Thus, the role of the Combs Prognostic Score might be an essential component of future clinical decision making and patient stratification.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Malignant Glioma; Patient Cohort; Radiotherapy
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0284-186X
e-ISSN 1651-226X
Journal Acta Oncologica
Quellenangaben Volume: 56, Issue: 3, Pages: 422-426 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Publishing Place Abingdon
Reviewing status Peer reviewed