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Thermoluminescence investigations on tobacco dust as an emergency dosimeter.
Radiat. Meas. 106, 443-449 (2017)
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Silicates extracted from tobacco dust in cigarettes were investigated for their suitability as an emergency dosimeter in accidental situation using thermoluminescence technique. A typical glow curve (at a heating rate of 2 degrees C s(-1)) of irradiated dust silicates in the transmission window between 300 and 500 nm has two prominent peaks at about 83 degrees C and 137 degrees C and a weak one at about 181 degrees C which were all distinguishable from the natural thermoluminescence. The TL spectrum of highly irradiated dust samples showed the existence of three dominant emissions at 1.66 eV (745 nm), 2.2 eV (560 nm) and 2.81 eV (440 nm), which are similar to those reported for feldspar. Repeated irradiation and TL measurement did not affect the sensitivity of the 137 degrees C peak, if the glow curve is terminated at 300 degrees C. A linear dose response of the TL signal was observed for doses between 0.1 and 10 Gy. A preheat temperature of 110 degrees C was found to be optimal for the emptying of the low temperature peak which is not stable. The TL signal is not stable but fades with time since irradiation. Furthermore it can be bleached by daylight but the dust seemed to be sufficiently light shielded in intact cigarettes. Based on the experimental dosimetric properties, a measurement protocol for the detection of absorbed radiation dose was developed. The result of a dose recovery test showed a reasonable agreement between fading corrected dose and given dose. (c) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Thermoluminescence (tl) ; Tobacco Dust Silicates ; Emergency Dosimeter; Accident Dosimetry
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1350-4487
Zeitschrift Radiation Measurements
Quellenangaben Band: 106, Seiten: 443-449
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Radiation Protection (ISS)