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Graveline, R.* ; Marcinkiewicz, K.* ; Choi, S.* ; Paquet, M.* ; Wurst, W. ; Floss, T. ; David, G.*

The chromatin associated Phf12 protein maintains nucleolar integrity and prevents premature cellular senescence.

Mol. Cell. Biol. 37:e00522-16 (2017)
Verlagsversion Postprint DOI
Open Access Green
Pf1, also known as Phf12 (plant homeodomain [PHD] zinc finger protein 12), is a member of the PHD zinc finger family of proteins. Pf1 associates with a chromatin-interacting protein complex comprised of MRG15, Sin3B, and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) that functions as a transcriptional modulator. The biological function of Pf1 remains largely elusive. We undertook the generation of Pf1 knockout mice to elucidate its physiological role. We demonstrate that Pf1 is required for mid- to late gestation viability. Pf1 inactivation impairs the proliferative potential of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and is associated with a significant decrease in bromodeoxyuridine incorporation; an increase in senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) activity, a marker of cellular senescence; and elevated levels of phosphorylated H2AX (γ-H2A.X), a marker associated with DNA double-strand breaks. Analysis of transcripts differentially expressed in wild-type and Pf1-deficient cells revealed the impact of Pf1 in multiple regulatory arms of the ribosome biogenesis pathways. Strikingly, assessment of the morphology of the nucleoli exposed an abnormal nucleolar structure in Pf1-deficient cells. Finally, proteomic analysis of the Pf1-interacting complexes highlighted proteins involved in ribosome biogenesis. Taken together, our data reveal an unsuspected function for the Pf1-associated chromatin complex in the ribosomal biogenesis and senescence pathways.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter transcription; ribosome; Pf1; senescence; nucleolus
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0270-7306
e-ISSN 1098-5549
Quellenangaben Band: 37, Heft: 5, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: e00522-16 Supplement: ,
Verlag American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed