Publishers Version online available 03/2020 Free by publisher as soon as is submitted to ZB.
Mechanisms of the Development of Allergy (MeDALL): Introducing novel concepts in allergy phenotypes.
J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 139, 388-399 (2017)
Asthma, rhinitis, and eczema are complex diseases with multiple genetic and environmental factors interlinked through IgE-associated and non–IgE-associated mechanisms. Mechanisms of the Development of ALLergy (MeDALL; EU FP7-CP-IP; project no: 261357; 2010-2015) studied the complex links of allergic diseases at the clinical and mechanistic levels by linking epidemiologic, clinical, and mechanistic research, including in vivo and in vitro models. MeDALL integrated 14 European birth cohorts, including 44,010 participants and 160 cohort follow-ups between pregnancy and age 20 years. Thirteen thousand children were prospectively followed after puberty by using a newly standardized MeDALL Core Questionnaire. A microarray developed for allergen molecules with increased IgE sensitivity was obtained for 3,292 children. Estimates of air pollution exposure from previous studies were available for 10,000 children. Omics data included those from historical genome-wide association studies (23,000 children) and DNA methylation (2,173), targeted multiplex biomarker (1,427), and transcriptomic (723) studies. Using classical epidemiology and machine-learning methods in 16,147 children aged 4 years and 11,080 children aged 8 years, MeDALL showed the multimorbidity of eczema, rhinitis, and asthma and estimated that only 38% of multimorbidity was attributable to IgE sensitization. MeDALL has proposed a new vision of multimorbidity independent of IgE sensitization, and has shown that monosensitization and polysensitization represent 2 distinct phenotypes. The translational component of MeDALL is shown by the identification of a novel allergic phenotype characterized by polysensitization and multimorbidity, which is associated with the frequency, persistence, and severity of allergic symptoms. The results of MeDALL will help integrate personalized, predictive, preventative, and participatory approaches in allergic diseases.
Edit extra informations Login
Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords Allergy ; Asthma ; Atopic Dermatitis ; Rhinitis; European Innovation Partnership; Chronic Respiratory-diseases; Mountain Cedar Pollinosis; Birth Cohort Infants; Inner-city Children; Regulatory B-cells; Precision Medicine; Atopic-dermatitis; Childhood Asthma; Early-life
Institute(s) Institute of Epidemiology I (EPI1)