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Hiller, M. ; Woda, C. ; Bougrov, N.G.* ; Degteva, M.O.* ; Ivanov, O.* ; Ulanowski, A. ; Romanov, S.*

External dose reconstruction for the former village of Metlino (Techa River, Russia) based on environmental surveys, luminescence measurements, and radiation transport modelling.

Radiat. Environ. Biophys. 56, 139-159 (2017)
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In the first years of its operation, the Mayak Production Association, a facility part of the Soviet nuclear weapons program in the Southern Urals, Russia, discharged large amounts of radioactively contaminated effluent into the nearby Techa River, thus exposing the people living at this river to external and internal radiations. The Techa River Cohort is a cohort intensely studied in epidemiology to investigate the correlation between low-dose radiation and health effects on humans. For the individuals in the cohort, the Techa River Dosimetry System describes the accumulated dose in human organs and tissues. In particular, organ doses from external exposure are derived from estimates of dose rate in air on the Techa River banks which were estimated from measurements and Monte Carlo modelling. Individual doses are calculated in accordance with historical records of individuals' residence histories, observational data of typical lifestyles for different age groups, and age-dependent conversion factors from air kerma to organ dose. The work here describes an experimentally independent assessment of the key input parameter of the dosimetry system, the integral air kerma, for the former village of Metlino, upper Techa River region. The aim of this work was thus to validate the Techa River Dosimetry System for the location of Metlino in an independent approach. Dose reconstruction based on dose measurements in bricks from a church tower and Monte Carlo calculations was used to model the historic air kerma accumulated in the time from 1949 to 1956 at the shoreline of the Techa River in Metlino. Main issues are caused by a change in the landscape after the evacuation of the village in 1956. Based on measurements and published information and data, two separate models for the historic pre-evacuation geometry and for the current geometry of Metlino were created. Using both models, a value for the air kerma was reconstructed, which agrees with that obtained in the Techa River Dosimetry System within a factor of two.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Historic Dose Reconstruction ; Radiation Transport Calculations ; Retrospective Dosimetry ; Tl/osl Measurements ; Techa River Cohort (trc) ; Techa River Dosimetry System (trds); Mayak-production-association; Dosimetry System; Contamination; Residents; Exposure; Cancer; Mortality; Fish
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0301-634X
e-ISSN 1432-2099
Quellenangaben Volume: 56, Issue: 2, Pages: 139-159 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Springer
Publishing Place New York
Reviewing status Peer reviewed