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Zilka, O.* ; Shah, R.* ; Li, B.* ; Friedmann Angeli, J.P.F. ; Griesser, M.* ; Conrad, M. ; Pratt, D.A.*

On the mechanism of cytoprotection by ferrostatin-1 and liproxstatin-1 and the role of lipid peroxidation in ferroptotic cell death.

ACS Cent. Sci. 3, 232-243 (2017)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated necrosis associated with the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides that may play a key role in the pathogenesis of degenerative diseases in which lipid peroxidation has been implicated. High-throughput screening efforts have identified ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) as potent inhibitors of ferroptosis - an activity that has been ascribed to their ability to slow the accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides. Herein we demonstrate that this activity likely derives from their reactivity as radical-trapping antioxidants (RTAs) rather than their potency as inhibitors of lipoxygenases. Although inhibited autoxidations of styrene revealed that Fer-1 and Lip-1 react roughly 10-fold more slowly with peroxyl radicals than reactions of α-tocopherol (α-TOH), they were significantly more reactive than α-TOH in phosphatidylcholine lipid bilayers - consistent with the greater potency of Fer-1 and Lip-1 relative to α-TOH as inhibitors of ferroptosis. None of Fer-1, Lip-1, and α-TOH inhibited human 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1) overexpressed in HEK-293 cells when assayed at concentrations where they inhibited ferroptosis. These results stand in stark contrast to those obtained with a known 15-LOX-1 inhibitor (PD146176), which was able to inhibit the enzyme at concentrations where it was effective in inhibiting ferroptosis. Given the likelihood that Fer-1 and Lip-1 subvert ferroptosis by inhibiting lipid peroxidation as RTAs, we evaluated the antiferroptotic potential of 1,8-tetrahydronaphthyridinols (hereafter THNs): rationally designed radical-trapping antioxidants of unparalleled reactivity. We show for the first time that the inherent reactivity of the THNs translates to cell culture, where lipophilic THNs were similarly effective to Fer-1 and Lip-1 at subverting ferroptosis induced by either pharmacological or genetic inhibition of the hydroperoxide-detoxifying enzyme Gpx4 in mouse fibroblasts, and glutamate-induced death of mouse hippocampal cells. These results demonstrate that potent RTAs subvert ferroptosis and suggest that lipid peroxidation (autoxidation) may play a central role in the process.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2374-7943
e-ISSN 2374-7951
Zeitschrift ACS central science
Quellenangaben Band: 3, Heft: 3, Seiten: 232-243 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag ACS
Verlagsort Washington, DC
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed