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Sex-specific metabolic profiles of androgens and its main binding protein SHBG in a middle aged population without diabetes.

Sci. Rep. 7:2235 (2017)
Publishers Version Research data DOI PMC
Open Access Gold
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as soon as is submitted to ZB.
The role of androgens in metabolism with respect to sex-specific disease associations is poorly understood. Therefore, we aimed to provide molecular signatures in plasma and urine of androgen action in a sex-specific manner using state-of-the-art metabolomics techniques. Our study population consisted of 430 men and 343 women, aged 20-80 years, who were recruited for the cross-sectional population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND), Germany. We used linear regression models to identify associations between testosterone, androstenedione and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate (DHEAS) as well as sex hormone-binding globulin and plasma or urine metabolites measured by mass spectrometry. The analyses revealed major sex-specific differences in androgen-associated metabolites, particularly for levels of urate, lipids and metabolic surrogates of lifestyle factors, like cotinine or piperine. In women, in particular in the postmenopausal state, androgens showed a greater impact on the metabolome than in men (especially DHEAS and lipids were highly related in women). We observed a novel association of androstenedione on the metabolism of biogenic amines and only a small sex-overlap of associations within steroid metabolism. The present study yields new insights in the interaction between androgens and metabolism, especially about their implication in female metabolism.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Tandem Mass-spectrometry; Life-style Factors; Adipose-tissue; Uric-acid; Postmenopausal Women; Cigarette-smoking; Elderly-men; Healthy-men; Testosterone; Globulin
Reviewing status