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Alfar, E.A. ; Kirova, D.* ; Konantz, J.* ; Birke, S.* ; Mansfeld, J.* ; Ninov, N.

Distinct levels of reactive oxygen species coordinate metabolic activity with beta-cell mass plasticity.

Sci. Rep. 7 (2017)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Open Access Gold
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The pancreatic beta-cells control glucose homeostasis by secreting insulin in response to nutrient intake. The number of beta-cells is under tight metabolic control, as this number increases with higher nutrient intake. However, the signaling pathways matching nutrition with beta-cell mass plasticity remain poorly defined. By applying pharmacological and genetic manipulations, we show that reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulate dose-dependently beta-cell proliferation in vivo and in vitro. In particular, reducing ROS levels in beta-cells blocks their proliferation in response to nutrients. Using a non-invasive genetic sensor of intracellular hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), we reveal that glucose can directly increase the levels of H2O2. Furthermore, a moderate increase in H2O2 levels can stimulate beta-cell proliferation. Interestingly, while high H2O2 levels are inhibitory to beta-cell proliferation, they expand beta-cell mass in vivo by inducing rapid beta-cell neogenesis. Our study thus reveals a ROS-level-dependent mechanism linking nutrients with beta-cell mass plasticity. Hence, given the requirement of ROS for beta-cell mass expansion, antioxidant therapies should be applied with caution in diabetes.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Oxidative Stress; Endocrine Progenitors; Insulin-secretion; Diabetes-mellitus; Glucose Toxicity; Dna-damage; In-vivo; Zebrafish; Differentiation; Regeneration
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2045-2322
e-ISSN 2045-2322
Quellenangaben Volume: 7 Issue: , Pages: , Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute for Pancreatic Beta Cell Research (IPI)