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Exome sequencing revealed a splice site variant in the IQCE gene underlying post-axial polydactyly type A restricted to lower limb.
Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 25, 960-965 (2017)
Publ. Version/Full Text Research data DOI
Polydactyly is characterized by an extra supernumerary digit/toe with or without bony element. To date variants in four genes GLI3, ZNF141, MIPOL1 and PITX1 have been implicated in developing non-syndromic form of polydactyly. The present study involved characterization of large consanguineous family of Pakistani origin segregating post-axial polydactyly type A, restricted to lower limb, in autosomal recessive pattern. DNA of two affected members in the family was subjected to exome sequencing. Sanger sequencing was then followed to validate segregation of the variants in the family members. A homozygous splice acceptor site variant (c. 395-1G>A) was identified in the IQCE gene, which completely co-segregated with post-axial polydactyly phenotype within the family. The homozygous variant was absent in different public variant databases, 7000 in-house exomes, 130 exomes from unrelated Pakistani individuals and 215 ethnically matched controls. Mini-gene splicing assay was used to test effect of the variant on function of the gene. The assay revealed loss of first nucleotide of exon 6, producing a-1 frameshift and a premature stop codon 22 bases downstream of the variant (p. Gly132Valfs*22). The study provided the first evidence of involvement of the IQCE gene in limbs development in humans.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Primary Cilia; Exonic Variants; Complex; Classification; Interacts; Base; Evc
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1018-4813
Quellenangaben Volume: 25, Issue: 8, Pages: 960-965
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place London
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) Institute of Human Genetics (IHG)