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Shevtsov, M.* ; Zhao, L. ; Protzer, U. ; Klundert, M.A.A.

Applicability of metal nanoparticles in the detection and monitoring of hepatitis B virus infection.

Viruses 9:193 (2017)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) can lead to liver failure and can cause liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Reliable means for detecting and monitoring HBV infection are essential to identify patients in need of therapy and to prevent HBV transmission. Nanomaterials with defined electrical, optical, and mechanical properties have been developed to detect and quantify viral antigens. In this review, we discuss the challenges in applying nanoparticles to HBV antigen detection and in realizing the bio-analytical potential of such nanoparticles. We discuss recent developments in generating detection platforms based on gold and iron oxide nanoparticles. Such platforms increase biological material detection efficiency by the targeted capture and concentration of HBV antigens, but the unique properties of nanoparticles can also be exploited for direct, sensitive, and specific antigen detection. We discuss several studies that show that nanomaterial-based platforms enable ultrasensitive HBV antigen detection.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Review
Schlagwörter Biosensor ; Gold Nanoparticles ; Hepatitis B ; Magnetic Nanoparticles ; Virus; Surface-plasmon Resonance; Iron-oxide Nanoparticles; Lateral Flow Strips; Gold Nanoparticles; Magnetic Nanoparticles; Quantum Dots; Ultrasensitive Detection; C Virus; Superparamagnetic Nanoparticles; Electrochemical Biosensors
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1999-4915
e-ISSN 1999-4915
Zeitschrift Viruses
Quellenangaben Band: 9, Heft: 7, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 193 Supplement: ,
Verlag MDPI
Verlagsort Basel
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed