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Czech, H.* ; Miersch, T.* ; Orasche, J. ; Abbaszade, G. ; Sippula, O.* ; Tissari, J.* ; Michalke, B. ; Schnelle-Kreis, J. ; Streibel, T. ; Jokiniemi, J.* ; Zimmermann, R.

Chemical composition and speciation of particulate organic matter from modern residential small-scale wood combustion appliances.

Sci. Total Environ. 612, 636-648 (2017)
Research data DOI Order publishers version
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
Combustion technologies of small-scale wood combustion appliances are continuously developed decrease emissions of various pollutants and increase energy conversion. One strategy to reduce emissions is the implementation of air staging technology in secondary air supply, which became an established technique for modern wood combustion appliances. On that account, emissions from a modern masonry heater fuelled with three types of common logwood (beech, birch and spruce) and a modern pellet boiler fuelled with commercial softwood pellets were investigated, which refer to representative combustion appliances in northern Europe In particular, emphasis was put on the organic constituents of PM2.5, including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), oxygenated PAHs (OPAHs) and phenolic species, by targeted and non-targeted mass spectrometric analysis techniques. Compared to conventional wood stoves and pellet boilers, organic emissions from the modern appliances were reduced by at least one order of magnitude, but to a different extent for single species. Hence, characteristic ratios of emission constituents and emission profiles for wood combustion identification and speciation do not hold for this type of advanced combustion technology. Additionally, an overall substantial reduction of typical wood combustion markers, such as phenolic species and anhydrous sugars, were observed. Finally, it was found that slow ignition of log woods changes the distribution of characteristic resin acids and phytosterols as well as their thermal alteration products, which are used as markers for specific wood types. Our results should be considered for wood combustion identification in positive matrix factorisation or chemical mass balance in northern Europe.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Diagnostic Ratios ; Opah ; Pah ; Phenolics ; Photoionisation Mass Spectrometry ; Wood Smoke; Flight Mass-spectrometry; Gaseous Emissions; Fine-particle; Pellet Boiler; In-vitro; Operating-conditions; Biomass Combustion; Aerosol-particles; Molecular Tracers; Identification
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0048-9697
e-ISSN 1879-1026
Quellenangaben Volume: 612, Issue: , Pages: 636-648 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Elsevier
Publishing Place Amsterdam
Reviewing status Peer reviewed