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Fuka, M.M.* ; Maksimovic, A.Z.* ; Tanuwidjaja, I.* ; Hulak, N.* ; Schloter, M.

Characterization of enterococcal community isolated from an artisan istrian raw milk cheese: Biotechnological and safety aspects.

Food Technol. Biotechnol. 55, 368-380 (2017)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
In this study, prevalence, biotechnological and safety profi les of 588 Enterococcus isolates isolated from raw milk and Istrian cheese during diff erent stages of ripening were analyzed. Despite the low and variable presence of enterococci in milk ((3.65 +/- 2.93) log CFU/mL), highly comparable enterococcal populations were established aft er 30 days of cheese ripening ((7.96 +/- 0.80) log CFU/g), confirming Enterococcus spp. as a major part of the core microbiota of Istrian cheese. The dominant species were E. faecium (53.8 %) and E. faecalis (42.4 %), while minor groups, consisting of E. durans (2.84 %) and E. casselifl avus (0.95 %), also occurred. A pronounced intraspecies variability was noticed based on molecular fi ngerprinting, with 35 strains (genotypes) detected. Most of the genotypes were farm- specifi c with one third being shared between the farms. This genotype variability refl ected particular diff erences of Istrian cheese production, mainly variable salt concentration, ripening temperature and air humidity as well as microclimatic or vegetation conditions. There was considerable variation between the strains of the same species regarding wide range of biotechnologically important traits as well as their ability to survive in simulated gastrointestinal conditions. A considerable number of strains were resistant to critically important antibiotics such as tetracycline (43.56 %), erythromycin (35.79 %) and vancomycin (23.48 %). Polymerase chain reaction- based detection did not identify any of the common genetic determinants for vancomycin and erythromycin resistance; for tetracycline tetM gene was detected. The presence of virulence genes including agg, efaAfs, gelE, cylM, cylB, cylA, esp, efaAfm, cob and cpd was frequently recorded, especially among E. faecalis strains.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Cheese ; Spontaneous Fermentation ; Enterococcus Spp. ; Molecular Fi Ngerprinting ; Antibiotic Resistance ; Virulence Genes; Virulence Factors; Antimicrobial Resistance; Bifidobacterium-longum; Antibiotic-resistance; Dairy-products; Fermented Meat; Food; Pcr; Origin; Genes
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1330-9862
e-ISSN 1334-2606
Quellenangaben Band: 55, Heft: 3, Seiten: 368-380 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag University of Zagreb
Verlagsort Zagreb
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed