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Hertel, J.* ; König, J.* ; Homuth, G.* ; Van der Auwera, S.* ; Wittfeld, K.* ; Pietzner, M.* ; Kacprowski, T.* ; Pfeiffer, L. ; Kretschmer, A. ; Waldenberger, M. ; Kastenmüller, G. ; Artati, A. ; Suhre, K. ; Adamski, J. ; Langner, S.* ; Völker, U.* ; Völzke, H.* ; Nauck, M.* ; Friedrich, N.* ; Grabe, H.J.*

Evidence for stress-like alterations in the HPA-Axis in women taking oral contraceptives.

Sci. Rep. 7:14111 (2017)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Using oral contraceptives has been implicated in the aetiology of stress-related disorders like depression. Here, we followed the hypothesis that oral contraceptives deregulate the HPA-axis by elevating circulating cortisol levels. We report for a sample of 233 pre-menopausal women increased circulating cortisol levels in those using oral contraceptives. For women taking oral contraceptives, we observed alterations in circulating phospholipid levels and elevated triglycerides and found evidence for increased glucocorticoid signalling as the transcript levels of the glucocorticoid-regulated genes DDIT4 and FKBP5 were increased in whole blood. The effects were statistically mediated by cortisol. The associations of oral contraceptives with higher FKBP5 mRNA and altered phospholipid levels were modified by rs1360780, a genetic variance implicated in psychiatric diseases. Accordingly, the methylation pattern of FKBP5 intron 7 was altered in women taking oral contraceptives depending on the rs1360780 genotype. Moreover, oral contraceptives modified the association of circulating cortisol with depressive symptoms, potentially explaining conflicting results in the literature. Finally, women taking oral contraceptives displayed smaller hippocampal volumes than non-using women. In conclusion, the integrative analyses of different types of physiological data provided converging evidence indicating that oral contraceptives may cause effects analogous to chronic psychological stressors regarding the regulation of the HPA axis.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Gray-matter Volume; Fkbp5 Gene; Hippocampal Neurogenesis; Mass-spectrometry; Depression; Cortisol; Glucocorticoids; Polymorphisms; Association; Population
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2045-2322
e-ISSN 2045-2322
Zeitschrift Scientific Reports
Quellenangaben Band: 7, Heft: 1, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 14111 Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort London
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed