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Münch, S.* ; Habermehl, D. ; Agha, A.* ; Belka, C.* ; Combs, S.E. ; Eckel, R.H.* ; Friess, H.* ; Gerbes, A.L.* ; Nüssler, N.C.* ; Schepp, W.* ; Schmid, R.M.* ; Schmitt, W.* ; Schubert-Fritschle, G.* ; Weber, B.* ; Werner, J.* ; Engel, J.*

Perioperative chemotherapy vs. neoadjuvant chemoradiation in gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. A population-based evaluation of the Munich Cancer Registry.

Strahlenther. Onkol. 194, 125-135 (2018)
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To date, it remains unclear whether locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction (AEG) should be treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation (nCRT), analogous to esophageal cancer, or with perioperative chemotherapy (pCT), analogous to gastric cancer. The purpose of this study was to analyze the data of the Munich Cancer Registry (MCR) and to compare pCT and nCRT in AEG patients. A total of 2,992 AEG patients, treated between 1998 and 2014, were included in the study. Baseline and tumor parameters as well as overall survival (OS) and tumor recurrence were compared between 56 patients undergoing nCRT and 64 patients undergoing pCT with UICC stage II/III cancer. In addition, uni- and multivariate analyses using Cox regression models were performed to evaluate the effect of tumor characteristics and treatment regimens on OS. In patients with UICC stage II/III AEG treated with either nCRT or pCT, no significant differences were seen for baseline and tumor characteristics. While there was a significantly higher cumulative incidence of locoregional treatment failure after pCT (32.8%; 95% CI: 18.0-48.4%) compared with nCRT (7.4%; 95% CI: 2.3-16.5%; p = 0.007), there was no significant difference for distant treatment failure (52.9%; 95% CI: 35.4-67.7% and 38.4%; 95% CI: 23.7-52.9%; p = 0.347). When analyzing the whole cohort, patients who received pCT were younger (58.3 years vs. 63.0 years; p = 0.016), had a higher chance of complete tumor resection (81% vs. 67%; p = 0.033), more resected lymph nodes (p = 0.036), and fewer lymph node metastases (p = 0.038) compared with patients who received nCRT. Nevertheless, there was still a strong trend toward a higher incidence of local treatment failure after pCT (25.8%; 95% CI: 14.7-38.3% vs. 12.6%; 95% CI: 5.5-22.8%; p = 0.053). Comparable to the results for patients with UICC stage II/III, no difference was seen for the incidence of distant treatment failure. When excluding patients with UICC stage IV cancer, no significant difference was found for OS. For UICC stage II/III carcinoma, nCRT was associated with an improved locoregional tumor control compared with pCT, while no further significant differences were seen between nCRT and pCT for UICC stage II/III AEG. Moreover, there was a strong trend toward improved locoregional tumor control after nCRT when analyzing all patients treated with nCRT or pCT, despite these patients having higher risk factors.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Esophagogastric Junction ; Carcinoma ; Survival Rate ; Local Neoplasm Recurrence ; Treatment Failure; Phase-iii Trial; Randomized Controlled-trial; Esophageal Cancer; Clinical-trial; Surgery; Chemoradiotherapy; Fluorouracil; Radiotherapy; Metaanalysis; Multicenter
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0179-7158
e-ISSN 1439-099X
Quellenangaben Band: 194, Heft: 2, Seiten: 125-135 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Urban & Vogel
Verlagsort Heidelberg
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed