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Relationship between caries experience and demarcated hypomineralised lesions (including MIH) in the permanent dentition of 15-year-olds.
Clin. Oral Investig. 22, 2013-2019 (2018)
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OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional study compared the caries experience in 15-year-olds with and without demarcated hypomineralised lesions (DHL) in permanent teeth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand three hundred and two 15-year-old adolescents from two ongoing birth cohorts (GINIplus15 and LISAplus15) were examined to determine non-cavitated carious lesions (NCCL) and the DMF index. Furthermore, DHL was scored on all permanent teeth/surfaces according to the molar-incisor hypomineralisation criteria of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (MIH/EAPD). Adolescents with DHL were categorised into those with a minimum of one DHL in the permanent dentition (DHL ≥ 1), with DHL on at least one first permanent molar (MIH/EAPD) and with DHL on at least one first permanent molar and permanent incisor (MIH/Severe). The study was conducted in the metropolitan area of Munich. RESULTS: The proportion of children without caries amounted to 63.7% (DMF > 0) and 26.0% (D1-4MF > 0); the caries experience was mean = 4.0(SD = 5.2) NCCL/T and 0.9(1.7) DMF/T. Existence of DHL ≥ 1, MIH/EAPD and MIH/Severe was detected in 40.2, 17.2 and 9.8% of all adolescents, respectively. The corresponding DMF/T values were: no DHL 0.9(1.7); DHL ≥ 1 1.0(1.7); MIH/EAPD 1.1(1.6); MIH/Severe 1.1(1.7). The group of adolescents with MIH/EAPD and MIH/Severe were found to have statistically higher caries rates in comparison to those with no DHL. CONCLUSIONS: Caries and DHL are prevalent and influenced the dental health of 15-year-old adolescents. A significant positive association existed between the presence of caries and DHL. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Children with MIH/EAPD or MIH/Severe had a higher probability to develop carious lesions in the permanent dentition.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Caries ; Caries Experience ; Molar-incisor-hypomineralisation ; Demarcated Hypomineralised Lesions ; Enamel Hypomineralisation ; Developmental Defects ; Prevalence ; Epidemiology
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1432-6981
Zeitschrift Clinical Oral Investigations
Quellenangaben Band: 22, Heft: 5, Seiten: 2013-2019
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Epidemiology I (EPI1)