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Rosdahl, A.* ; Herzog, C.* ; Frösner, G. ; Norén, T.* ; Rombo, L.* ; Askling, H.H.*

An extra priming dose of hepatitis A vaccine to adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis and drug induced immunosuppression - A prospective, open-label, multi-center study.

Travel Med. Infect. Dis. 21, 43-50 (2017)
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Background: Previous studies have indicated that a pre-travel single dose of hepatitis A vaccine is not sufficient as protection against hepatitis A in immunocompromised travelers. We evaluated if an extra dose of hepatitis A vaccine given shortly prior to traveling ensures seroconversion. Method: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = 69, median age = 55 years) treated with Tumor Necrosis Factor inhibitor(TNFi) and/or Methotrexate (MTX) were immunized with two doses of hepatitis A vaccine, either as double dose or four weeks apart, followed by a booster dose at six months. Furthermore, 48 healthy individuals, median age = 60 years were immunized with two doses, six months apart. Anti-hepatitis A antibodies were measured at 0, 1, 2, 6, 7 and 12 months. Results: Two months after the initial vaccination, 84% of the RA patients had protective antibodies, compared to 85% of the healthy individuals. There was no significant difference between the two vaccine schedules. At twelve months, 99% of RA patients and 100% of healthy individuals had seroprotective antibodies. Conclusion: An extra priming dos of hepatitis A vaccine prior to traveling offered an acceptable protection in individuals treated with TNFi and/or MTX. This constitutes an attractive pre-travel solution to this vulnerable group of patients.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Hepatitis A ; Vaccine ; Rheumatoid Arthritis ; Immunosuppression ; Methotrexate ; Tnf-inhibitors; Renal-transplant Recipients; Immunocompromised Travelers; Immunoglobulin Prophylaxis; Influenza Vaccine; 3-dose Schedule; Viral-hepatitis; Efficacy; Virus; Immunogenicity; Safety
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1477-8939
e-ISSN 1873-0442
Quellenangaben Band: 21, Heft: , Seiten: 43-50 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Amsterdam [u.a.]
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed