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Weidle, U.H.* ; Dickopf, S.* ; Hintermair, C. ; Kollmorgen, G.* ; Birzele, F.* ; Brinkmann, U.*

The role of micro RNAs in breast cancer metastasis: Preclinical Validation and potential therapeutic targets.

Cancer Genomics Proteomics 15, 17-39 (2018)
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Despite the approval of several molecular therapies in the last years, breast cancer-associated death ranks as the second highest in women. This is due to metastatic disease, which represents a challenge for treatment. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of metastasis is, therefore, of paramount importance. In this review we summarize the role of micro RNAs (miRs) involved in metastasis of breast cancer. We present an overview on metastasis-promoting, -suppressing and context-dependent miRs with both activities. We have categorized the corresponding miRs according to their target classes, interaction with stromal cells or exosomes. The pathways affected by individual miRs are outlined in regard to in vitro properties, activity in metastasis-related in vivo models and clinical significance. Current approaches that may be suitable for therapeutic inhibition or restauration of miR activity are outlined. Finally, we discuss the delivery bottlenecks which present as a major challenge in nucleic acid (miR)-based therapies.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Review
Keywords Colonization Of Distinct Organs ; Epithelial-mesenchymal Transition (emt) ; Exosomes ; Mesenchymal-epithelial Transition (met) ; Metastasis-related In Vivo Models ; Migration And Invasion ; Review ; Tumor Cell/stromal Cell Interactions
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1109-6535
e-ISSN 1790-6245
Quellenangaben Volume: 15, Issue: 1, Pages: 17-39 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher International Institute of Anticancer Research
Reviewing status Peer reviewed