PuSH - Publikationsserver des Helmholtz Zentrums München

Cirac, A. ; Stützle, S. ; Dieckmeyer, M.* ; Adhikary, D. ; Moosmann, A. ; Körber, N. ; Bauer, T. ; Witter, K.* ; Delecluse, H.J.* ; Behrends, U. ; Mautner, J.

Epstein-Barr virus strain heterogeneity impairs human T-cell immunity.

Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 67, 663-674 (2018)
Postprint DOI Verlagsversion bestellen
Open Access Green
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) establishes lifelong infections in > 90% of the human population. Although contained as asymptomatic infection by the immune system in most individuals, EBV is associated with the pathogenesis of approximately 1.5% of all cancers in humans. Some of these EBV-associated tumors have been successfully treated by the infusion of virus-specific T-cell lines. Recent sequence analyses of a large number of viral isolates suggested that distinct EBV strains have evolved in different parts of the world. Here, we assessed the impact of such sequence variations on EBV-specific T-cell immunity. With the exceptions of EBNA2 and the EBNA3 family of proteins, an overall low protein sequence disparity of about 1% was noted between Asian viral isolates, including the newly characterized M81 strain, and the prototypic EBV type 1 and type 2 strains. However, when T-cell epitopes including their flanking regions were compared, a substantial proportion was found to be polymorphic in different EBV strains. Importantly, CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell clones specific for viral epitopes from one strain often showed diminished recognition of the corresponding epitopes in other strains. In addition, T-cell recognition of a conserved epitope was affected by amino acid exchanges within the epitope flanking region. Moreover, the CD8+ T-cell response against polymorphic epitopes varied between donors and often ignored antigen variants. These results demonstrate that viral strain heterogeneity may impair antiviral T-cell immunity and suggest that immunotherapeutic approaches against EBV should preferably target broad sets of conserved epitopes including their flanking regions.
Weitere Metriken?
Zusatzinfos bearbeiten [➜Einloggen]
Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter T-cell Therapy ; Epstein-barr Virus ; Strain Variation ; Epitope ; Immunity; Antigen Presentation; Lymphoproliferative Disorders; Clinical-trial; Helper-cells; Recognition; Disease; Diversity; Infection; Therapy; Transplant
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0340-7004
e-ISSN 1432-0851
Quellenangaben Band: 67, Heft: 4, Seiten: 663-674 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort New York
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed