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Long-term air pollution exposure, genome-wide DNA methylation and lung function in the lifelines cohort study.

Environ. Health Perspect. 126:027004 (2018)
Publishers Version Research data DOI PMC
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BACKGROUND: Long-term air pollution exposure is negatively associated with lung function, yet the mechanisms underlying this association are not fully clear. Differential DNA methylation may explain this association. OBJECTIVES: Our main aim was to study the association between long-term air pollution exposure and DNA methylation. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide methylation study using robust linear regression models in 1,017 subjects from the LifeLines cohort study to analyze the association between exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ) and particulate matter (PM 2.5 , fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 lm; PM 10 , particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 lm) and PM 2.5absorbance , indicator of elemental carbon content (estimated with land-use-regression models) with DNA methylation in whole blood (Illumina® HumanMethylation450K BeadChip). Replication of the top hits was attempted in two independent samples from the population-based Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg studies (KORA). RESULTS: Depending on the p-value threshold used, we found significant associations between NO 2 exposure and DNA methylation for seven CpG sites (Bonferroni corrected threshold p < 1.19 × 10 −7 ) or for 4,980 CpG sites (False Discovery Rate < 0.05). The top associated CpG site was annotated to the PSMB9 gene (i.e., cg04908668). None of the seven Bonferroni significant CpG-sites were significantly replicated in the two KORA-cohorts. No associations were found for PM exposure. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term NO 2 exposure was genome-wide significantly associated with DNA methylation in the identification cohort but not in the replication cohort. Future studies are needed to further elucidate the potential mechanisms underlying NO 2 -exposure–related respiratory disease.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Obstructive Pulmonary-disease; Artery Endothelial-cells; Fine Particulate Matter; Use Regression-models; Escape Project; Epigenetic Mediation; Nitrogen-dioxide; Phospholipase-d; Blood-pressure; Associations
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