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Hemostasis, endothelial stress, inflammation, and the metabolic syndrome.
Semin. Immunopathol. 40, 215-224 (2018)
DOI Verlagsversion bestellen
Obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MS) are two of the pressing healthcare problems of our time. The MS is defined as increased abdominal obesity in concert with elevated fasting glucose levels, insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and plasma lipids. It is a key risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and for cardiovascular complications and mortality. Here, we review work demonstrating that various aspects of coagulation and hemostasis, as well as vascular reactivity and function, become impaired progressively during chronic ingestion of a western diet, but also acutely after meals. We outline that both T2DM and cardiovascular disease should be viewed as inflammatory diseases and describe that chronic overload of free fatty acids and glucose can trigger inflammatory pathways directly or via increased production of ROS. We propose that since endothelial stress and increases in platelet activity precede inflammation and overt symptoms of the MS, they are likely the first hit. This suggests that endothelial activation and insulin resistance are probably causative in the observed chronic low-level metabolic inflammation, and thus both metabolic and cardiovascular complications linked to consumption of a western diet.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Schlagwörter Coagulation ; Endothelial Stress ; Hemostasis ; Inflammation ; Metabolic Syndrome ; No ; Nitric Oxide ; Obesity ; Platelets ; Ros ; Reactive Oxygen Species ; Type 2 Diabetes
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1863-2297
Zeitschrift Seminars in Immunopathology
Quellenangaben Band: 40, Heft: 2, Seiten: 215-224
Verlagsort Berlin ; Heidelberg
Institut(e) Institute of Diabetes and Obesity (IDO)