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Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. 33, 2156-2164 (2018)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a recognized global health problem. While some CKD patients remain stable after initial diagnosis, others can rapidly progress towards end-stage renal disease (ESRD). This makes biomarkers capable of detecting progressive forms of CKD extremely valuable, especially in non-invasive biofluids such as urine. Screening for metabolite markers using non-targeted metabolomic techniques like nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy is increasingly applied to CKD research.Methods. A cohort of CKD patients (n = 227) with estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) ranging from 9.4-130 mL/min/1.73 m(2) was Devaluated and urine metabolite profiles were characterized in relation to declining eGFR. Nested in this cohort, a retrospective subset (n = 57) was investigated for prognostic metabolite markers of CKD progression, independent of baseline eGFR. A transcriptomic analysis of murine models of renal failure was performed to validate selected metabolomic findings.Results. General linear modeling revealed 11 urinary metabolites with significant associations to reduced eGFR. Linear modelling specifically showed that increased urine concentrations of betaine (P < 0.05) and myo-inositol (P < 0.05) are significant prognostic markers of CKD progression.Conclusions. Renal organic osmolytes, betaine and myoinositol play a critical role in protecting renal cells from hyperosmotic stress. Kidney tissue transcriptomics of murine preclinical experimentation identified decreased expression of Slc6a12 and Slc5a11 mRNA in renal tissue consistent with defective tubular transport of these osmolytes. Imbalances in renal osmolyte regulation lead to increased renal cell damage and thus more progressive forms of CKD. Increases in renal osmolytes in urine could provide clinical diagnostic and prognostic information on CKD outcomes.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Ckd ; Disease Progression ; Metabolomics ; Osmolytes ; Transcriptomics ; Urine; Organic Osmolytes; Betaine Transport; Weak Inducer; Metabolomics; Identification; Spectroscopy; Management; Spectra; Stress; Injury
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0931-0509
Zeitschrift Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Quellenangaben Band: 33, Heft: 12, Seiten: 2156-2164
Verlag Oxford University Press
Verlagsort Great Clarendon St, Oxford Ox2 6dp, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Research Unit Analytical BioGeoChemistry (BGC)