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Erhart, G.* ; Lamina, C.* ; Lehtimäki, T.* ; Marques-Vidal, P.* ; Kähönen, M.* ; Vollenweider, P.* ; Raitakari, O.T.* ; Waeber, G.* ; Thorand, B. ; Strauch, K. ; Gieger, C. ; Meitinger, T. ; Peters, A. ; Kronenberg, F.* ; Coassin, S.*

Genetic factors explain a major fraction of the 50% lower lipoprotein(a) concentrations in Finns.

Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 38, 1230-1241 (2018)
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Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
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Objective Lp(a) (lipoprotein(a)) concentrations are widely genetically determined by the LPA isoforms and show 5-fold interpopulation differences. Two- to 3-fold differences have been reported even within Europe. Finns represent a distinctive population isolate within Europe and have been repeatedly reported to present lower Lp(a) concentrations than Central Europeans. The significance of this finding was unclear for a long time because of the difficult comparability of Lp(a) assays. Recently, a large standardized study in >50000 individuals from 7 European populations confirmed this observation but could not provide insights into the causes.Approach and Results We investigated Lp(a) concentrations, LPA isoforms, and genotypes of established genetic variants affecting Lp(a) concentrations (LPA variants, APOE isoforms, and PCSK9 R46L) in the Finnish YFS (Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study) population (n=2281) and 3 Non-Finnish Central European populations (n=10003). We observed approximate to 50% lower Lp(a) concentrations in Finns. The isoform distribution was shifted toward longer isoforms, and the percentage of low-molecular-weight isoform carriers was reduced. Most interestingly, however, Lp(a) was reduced in each single-isoform group. In contrast to the known inverse relationship between LPA isoforms and Lp(a) concentrations, especially very short isoforms presented unexpectedly low Lp(a) concentrations in Finns. The investigated genetic variants, as well as age, sex, and renal function, explained 71.8% of the observed population differences.Conclusions The population differences in Lp(a) concentrations between Finnish and Central European populations originate not only from a different LPA isoform distribution but suggest the existence of novel functional variation in the small-isoform range.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Atherosclerosis ; Genetics ; Population ; Lipoprotein(a) ; Risk Factors; Single-nucleotide Polymorphisms; Plasma-concentrations; Cardiovascular Risk; Wide Association; Myocardial-infarction; Serum Concentrations; African-americans; Apolipoprotein-b; Apoe Genotype; Ethnic-groups
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1079-5642
e-ISSN 1524-4636
Quellenangaben Volume: 38, Issue: 5, Pages: 1230-1241 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Publishing Place Two Commerce Sq, 2001 Market St, Philadelphia, Pa 19103 Usa
Reviewing status Peer reviewed