Objective: To evaluate the necessity of recording ictal electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) considered for resective surgery who have unilateral temporal interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) and concordant ipsitemporal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pathology. To calculate the necessary number of recorded EEG seizure patterns (ESPs) to achieve adequate lateralization probability.Methods: In a retrospective analysis, the localization and lateralization of interictal and ictal EEG of 304 patients with lesional TLE were analyzed. The probability of further contralateral ESPs was calculated based on a total of 1967 recorded ESPs, using Bayes' theorem.Results: Two hundred seventy-one patients had unilateral TLE, and in 98% of them (265 of 271), IEDs were recorded during video-EEG monitoring. Purely unilateral temporal IEDs were present in 61% (166 of 271 patients). Ipsilateral temporal MR1 pathology was found in 83% (138 of 166). Ictal EEG was concordant with the clinical side of TLE in 99% (136 of 138) of these patients. Two patients had discordant ictal EEG with both ipsilateral and contralateral ESPs. Epilepsy surgery with resection in the lesioned temporal lobe was still performed, and both patients remain seizure-free. Probability calculations demonstrate that at least 6 recorded unilateral ESPs result in a >95% probability for a concordance of >0.9 of any further ESPs.Significance: The combination of purely unilateral temporal IED with ipsitemporal MRI pathology is sufficient to identify the epileptogenic zone, and the recording of ictal ESP did not add any surgically relevant information in these 138 patients. Rarely, discordant ESPs might be recorded, but the surgical outcome remains excellent after surgery on the lesioned side.