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The Gpr1-regulated Sur7 family protein Sfp2 is required for hyphal growth and cell wall stability in the mycoparasite Trichoderma atroviride.

Sci. Rep. 8:12064 (2018)
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Open Access Gold
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Mycoparasites, e.g. fungi feeding on other fungi, are prominent within the genus Trichoderma and represent a promising alternative to chemical fungicides for plant disease control. We previously showed that the seven-transmembrane receptor Gprl regulates mycelia! growth and asexual development and governs mycoparasitism-related processes in Trichoderma atroviride. We now describe the identification of genes being targeted by Gpr1 under mycoparasitic conditions. The identified gene set includes a candidate, sfp2, encoding a protein of the fungal-specific Sur7 superfamily, whose upregulation in T. atroviride upon interaction with a fungal prey is dependent on Gpr1. Sur7 family proteins are typical residents of membrane microdomains such as the membrane compartment of Canl (MCC)/eisosome in yeast. We found that GFP-labeled Gpr1 and Sfp2 proteins show partly overlapping localization patterns in T. atroviride hyphae, which may point to shared functions and potential interaction during signal perception and endocytosis. Deletion of sfp2 caused heavily altered colony morphology, defects in polarized growth, cell wall integrity and endocytosis, and significantly reduced mycoparasitic activity, whereas sfp2 overexpression enhanced full overgrowth and killing of the prey. Transcriptional activation of a chitinase specific for hyphal growth and network formation and strong downregulation of chitin synthase-encoding genes were observed in Delta sfp2. Taken together, these findings imply crucial functions of Sfp2 in hyphal morphogenesis of T. atroviride and its interaction with prey fungi.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Yeast Plasma-membrane; Lipid Rafts; Saccharomyces-cerevisiae; Gene-expression; Coupled Receptors; Filamentous Fungi; Harzianum; Classification; Organization; Genomes
Reviewing status