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Venkataramani, V.* ; Doeppner, T.R.* ; Willkommen, D. ; Cahill, C.M.* ; Xin, Y.* ; Ye, G.* ; Liu, Y.* ; Southon, A.* ; Aron, A.* ; Au-Yeung, H.Y.* ; Huang, X.* ; Lahiri, D.K.* ; Wang, F.* ; Bush, A.I.* ; Wulf, G.G.* ; Ströbel, P.* ; Michalke, B. ; Rogers, J.T.*

Manganese causes neurotoxic iron accumulation via translational repression of amyloid precursor protein and H-Ferritin.

J. Neurochem. 147, 831-848 (2018)
Verlagsversion Postprint Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Green
For more than 150 years, it is known that occupational overexposure of manganese (Mn) causes movement disorders resembling Parkinson's disease (PD) and PD-like syndromes. However, the mechanisms of Mn toxicity are still poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that Mn dose- and time-dependently blocks the protein translation of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and heavy-chain Ferritin (H-Ferritin), both iron homeostatic proteins with neuroprotective features. APP and H-Ferritin are post-transcriptionally regulated by iron responsive proteins, which bind to homologous iron responsive elements (IREs) located in the 5 '-untranslated regions (5 '-UTRs) within their mRNA transcripts. Using reporter assays, we demonstrate that Mn exposure repressed the 5 '-UTR-activity of APP and H-Ferritin, presumably via increased iron responsive proteins-iron responsive elements binding, ultimately blocking their protein translation. Using two specific Fe2+-specific probes (RhoNox-1 and IP-1) and ion chromatography inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (IC-ICP-MS), we show that loss of the protective axis of APP and H-Ferritin resulted in unchecked accumulation of redox-active ferrous iron (Fe2+) fueling neurotoxic oxidative stress. Enforced APP expression partially attenuated Mn-induced generation of cellular and lipid reactive oxygen species and neurotoxicity. Lastly, we could validate the Mn-mediated suppression of APP and H-Ferritin in two rodent in vivo models (C57BL6/N mice and RjHan:SD rats) mimicking acute and chronic Mn exposure. Together, these results suggest that Mn-induced neurotoxicity is partly attributable to the translational inhibition of APP and H-Ferritin resulting in impaired iron metabolism and exacerbated neurotoxic oxidative stress.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Amyloid Precursor Protein (app) ; H-ferritin ; Iron Responsive Element (ire) ; Manganese (mn) ; Reactive Oxygen Species (ros) ; Sh-sy5y Neural-like Cell Line; 5'-untranslated Region; Oxidative Stress; Redox Biology; Cell-death; Metabolism; Homeostasis; Element; Brain; Hypermanganesemia; Neurodegeneration
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-3042
e-ISSN 1471-4159
Quellenangaben Band: 147, Heft: 6, Seiten: 831-848 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, Nj Usa
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed