Plants have evolved complex photoreceptor-controlled mechanisms to sense and respond to seasonal changes in day length. This ability allows plants to optimally time the transition from vegetative growth to flowering. UV-B is an important part intrinsic to sunlight; however, whether and how it affects photoperiodic flowering has remained elusive. Here, we report that, in the presence of UV-B, genetic mutation of REPRESSOR OF UV-B PHOTOMOR-PHOGENESIS 2 (RUP2) renders the facultative long day plant Arabidopsis thaliana a day-neutral plant and that this phenotype is dependent on the UV RESISTANCE LOCUS 8 (UVR8) UV-B photoreceptor. We provide evidence that the floral repression activity of RUP2 involves direct interaction with CONSTANS, repression of this key activator of flowering, and suppression of FLOWERING LOCUS T transcription. RUP2 therefore functions as an essential repressor of UVR8-mediated induction of flowering under noninductive short day conditions and thus provides a crucial mechanism of photoperiodic flowering control.