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Icks, A.* ; Haastert, B.* ; Arend, W.* ; Konein, J.* ; Thorand, B. ; Holle, R. ; Laxy, M. ; Schunk, M. ; Neumann, A.* ; Wasem, J.* ; Chernyak, N.*

Time spent on self-management by people with diabetes: Results from the population-based KORA survey in Germany.

Diabetic Med. 36, 970-981 (2019)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Aims Time needed for health-related activities in people with diabetes is assumed to be substantial, yet available data are limited. Time spent on self-management and associated factors was analysed using cross-sectional data from people with diagnosed diabetes enrolled in a population-based study. Methods Mean total time spent on self-management activities was estimated using a questionnaire for all participants with diagnosed diabetes in the KORA FF4 study (n = 227, 57% men, mean age 69.7, sd 9.9 years). Multiple two-part regression models were fitted to evaluate associated factors. Multiple imputation was performed to adjust for bias due to missing values. Results Some 86% of participants reported spending time on self-management activities during the past week. Over the entire sample, a mean of 149 (sd 241) min/week were spent on self-management-activities. People with insulin or oral anti-hyperglycaemic drug treatment, better diabetes education, HbA(1c) 48 to < 58 mmol/mol (6.5% to < 7.5%) or lower quality of life, spent more time on self-management activities. For example, people without anti-hyperglycaemic medication invested 66 min/week in self-management, whereas those taking insulin and oral anti-hyperglycaemic drugs invested 269 min/week (adjusted ratio 4.34, 95% confidence interval 1.85-10.18). Conclusions Time spent on self-management activities by people with diabetes was substantial and varied with an individual's characteristics. Because of the small sample size and missing values, the results should be interpreted in an explorative manner. Nevertheless, time needed for self-management activities should be routinely considered because it may affect diabetes self-care and quality of life.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Costs
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0742-3071
e-ISSN 1464-5491
Zeitschrift Diabetic Medicine
Quellenangaben Band: 36, Heft: 8, Seiten: 970-981 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, Nj Usa
Begutachtungsstatus