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Bercovici, S.K.* ; Koch, B.P.* ; Lechtenfeld, O.J.* ; McCallister, S.L.* ; Schmitt-Kopplin, P. ; Hansell, D.A.*

Ageing and molecular changes of dissolved organic matter between two deep oceanic end members.

Global Biogeochem. Cycles 32, 1449-1456 (2018)
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Open Access Green
The global ocean contains a massive reservoir of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), rivaling the atmosphere's pool of CO2. The most recalcitrant fractions have mean radiocarbon ages of similar to 4,000years in the Atlantic to similar to 6,000years in the Pacific. Knowing the radiocarbon signatures of DOC and the molecular composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM) is crucial to develop understanding of the persistence and lifetime of the DOC pool. In this research, we collected samples from the deep North Pacific in August 2013 (aboard the RV Melville) to couple the Delta C-14 content of solid-phase-extracted DOM (Delta C-14-SPE-DOM) with its molecular composition in the ocean's oldest deep waters. We find that deep waters in this region held a mean Delta C-14-SPE-DOM value of -554 +/- 9 (similar to 6,400(14)Cyears), substantially more depleted than that in the deep Atlantic, which held a mean Delta C-14-SPE-DOM value of -445 +/- 5. While we find a more degraded molecular composition of DOM in the deep Pacific than the deep Atlantic, the molecular formulae within the Island of Stability (Lechtenfeld et al., 2014, ), are largely retained. These results imply that a fraction of deep DOM is resistant to removal and present in both the deep Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Dissolved Organic Matter ; Radiocarbon ; Molecular Composition ; Deep North Pacific; Solid-phase Extraction; Southern-ocean; Carbon Fractions; Pacific-ocean; Sargasso Sea; Radiocarbon; Age; Ultrafiltration; Components; Nitrogen
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0886-6236
e-ISSN 1944-9224
Quellenangaben Band: 32, Heft: 10, Seiten: 1449-1456 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Verlagsort 2000 Florida Ave Nw, Washington, Dc 20009 Usa
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed