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Grüner, F.* ; Blumendorf, F.* ; Schmutzler, O.* ; Staufer, T.* ; Bradbury, M.* ; Wiesner, U.* ; Rosentreter, T. ; Loers, G.* ; Lutz, D.* ; Richter, B.* ; Fischer, M.* ; Schulz, F.* ; Steiner, S.* ; Warmer, M.* ; Burkhardt, A.* ; Meents, A.* ; Kupinski, M.A.* ; Hoeschen, C.*

Localising functionalised gold-nanoparticles in murine spinal cords by X-ray fluorescence imaging and background-reduction through spatial filtering for human-sized objects.

Sci. Rep. 8:16561 (2018)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Accurate in vivo localisation of minimal amounts of functionalised gold-nanoparticles, enabling e.g. early-tumour diagnostics and pharmacokinetic tracking studies, requires a precision imaging system offering very high sensitivity, temporal and spatial resolution, large depth penetration, and arbitrarily long serial measurements. X-ray fluorescence imaging could offer such capabilities; however, its utilisation for human-sized scales is hampered by a high intrinsic background level. Here we measure and model this anisotropic background and present a spatial filtering scheme for background reduction enabling the localisation of nanoparticle-amounts as reported from small-animal tumour models. As a basic application study towards precision pharmacokinetics, we demonstrate specific localisation to sites of disease by adapting gold-nanoparticles with small targeting ligands in murine spinal cord injury models, at record sensitivity levels using sub-mm resolution. Both studies contribute to the future use of molecularly-targeted gold-nanoparticles as next-generation clinical diagnostic and pharmacokinetic tools.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Computed-tomography Xfct; Adhesion Molecule L1; Cancer-targeted Probes; In-vivo; Silica Nanoparticles; Radiation Oncology; Loaded Objects; Injury; Feasibility; Sensitivity
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2045-2322
e-ISSN 2045-2322
Zeitschrift Scientific Reports
Quellenangaben Band: 8, Heft: 1, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 16561 Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort London
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed