PuSH - Publikationsserver des Helmholtz Zentrums München

Gerards, J.* ; Heinrich, D.A.* ; Adolf, C.* ; Meisinger, C. ; Rathmann, W.* ; Sturm, L.* ; Nirschl, N.* ; Bidlingmaier, M.* ; Beuschlein, F.* ; Thorand, B. ; Peters, A. ; Reincke, M.* ; Roden, M.* ; Quinkler, M.*

Impaired glucose metabolism in primary aldosteronism is associated with cortisol cosecretion.

J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 104, 3192-3202 (2019)
Verlagsversion Postprint DOI
Open Access Green
Context: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is associated with higher cardiovascular morbidity and metabolic risks. Recent studies report glucocorticoid cosecretion as a relevant phenotype of PA, which could contribute to associated risks, including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The relationship between autonomous cortisol secretion (ACS) and glucose metabolism in PA has not been investigated.Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of impaired glucose homeostasis in patients with PA according to cortisol cosecretion.Design: We performed oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) and complete testing for hyper-cortisolism [1-mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST), late-night salivary cortisol, 24-hour urinary free cortisol] in 161 newly diagnosed patients with PA of the German Conn Registry. Seventy-six of 161 patients were reevaluated at follow-up. We compared our results to a population-based sample from the Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg (KORA)-F4 study matched to the participants with PA (3:1) by sex, age, and body mass index.Results: At the time of diagnosis, 125 patients (77.6%) had a pathological response in at least one of the Cushing screening tests; T2DM was diagnosed in 6.4% of these 125 cases. Patients with a pathological DST exhibited significantly higher 2-hour plasma glucose in OGTTs and were significantly more often diagnosed with T2DM than were patients with a normal DST (20% vs 0.8%, P < 0.0001) and matched controls from the KORA study (20.6% vs 5.9%, P = 0.022). Patients with PA without ACS tended to have higher homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance levels than did KORA control subjects (P = 0.05).Conclusion: ACS appears frequently in patients with PA and is associated with impaired glucose metabolism, which could increase the risk of T2DM. PA itself seems to enhance insulin resistance.
Weitere Metriken?
Zusatzinfos bearbeiten [➜Einloggen]
Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Diabetes-mellitus; Insulin-resistance; Cushings-syndrome; Autonomous Cortisol; High Prevalence; Population; Diagnosis; Receptor; Excess; Secretion
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0021-972X
e-ISSN 1945-7197
Quellenangaben Band: 104, Heft: 8, Seiten: 3192-3202 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Endocrine Society
Verlagsort Bethesda, Md.
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed