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CFD simulations to study the effect of ventilation rate on Rn-220 concentration distribution in a test house.
Radiat. Phys. Chem. 162, 82-89 (2019)
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Measurement and interpretation of the distribution patterns of indoor Rn-220 concentration is important for inhalation dosimetry in occupational and residential areas. The shorter half-life of radioactive Rn-220 gas greatly affects its patterns resulting in non-homogeneity in the spatial concentration profile. In addition, the distribution profile also changes with variations in the ambient atmospheric parameters (ventilation rate, humidity etc.). The Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique has gained a lot of attention in recent times for the prediction and visualization of the distribution pattern of indoor Rn-222/Rn-220 concentration. This study aims to apply the CFD technique for studying the effect of variations in the ventilation rate on the distribution pattern of the Rn-220 concentration in a thoron test house. Experimentally measured Rn-220 flux from the surfaces of the experimental test house is used as input for the CFD simulations. Ventilation rate is varied from 0.1 h(-1) to 9.0 h(-1) and the simulated results of velocity and Rn-220 concentration profile for the entire test domain are interpreted. It is observed that the increase of ventilation rate leads to the flow induced turbulence enhancing the mixing of Rn-220 in indoor air. Results of this study demonstrate the inter-play of radionuclide half-life and turbulent mixing induced transportation. Inferences are discussed in order to improve the dosimetric deductions for indoor conditions.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Thoron ; Dwellings ; Cfd ; Ventilation Rate; Indoor Radon; Decay Products; Unipolar Ionizers; Thoron; Entry; Radon/thoron; Environment; Reduction; Dwellings; Removal
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0969-806X
Zeitschrift Radiation Physics and Chemistry
Quellenangaben Band: 162, Seiten: 82-89
Verlagsort The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford Ox5 1gb, England
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Radiation Medicine (IRM)