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Diehl, C.D.* ; Schwendner, M.J.* ; Sollmann, N.* ; Oechsner, M.* ; Meyer, B.* ; Combs, S.E. ; Krieg, S.M.*

Application of presurgical navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation motor mapping for adjuvant radiotherapy planning in patients with high-grade gliomas.

Radiother. Oncol. 138, 30-37 (2019)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Background: Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) is applied in neurosurgical routine to detect motor-eloquent brain areas for safe resection of high-grade gliomas (HGGs). However, in radiation therapy (RT) planning, the primary motor cortex is not respected yet in target volume delineation. This study evaluates the implementation of nTMS motor mapping in RT planning in patients harboring motoreloquent HGGs with the aim of reducing dose applications to the motor cortex.Methods: nTMS motor maps of 30 patients diagnosed with motor-eloquent HGGs were fused with RT planning imaging and volumetric modulated RT plans were optimized using nTMS motor maps as an organ at risk (OAR). Doses to nTMS motor maps were evaluated using dose-volume histogram (DVH) parameters.Results: Mean dose (Dmean) to the nTMS motor maps was 42.3 Gy (3.7-61.1 Gy) and was significantly reduced by 14.3% to 37.0 Gy (3.6-55.8 Gy, p < 0.05) when constraining the dose to nTMS motor areas to 45 Gy. Areas within the planning target volume (PTV) were not spared (overlap). Yet, the dose to PTV was not compromised. Even with an additional dose escalation (70 Gy) to the tumor area, nTMS motor maps can be spared by 4.6 +/- 3.5 Gy (12.8%, p < 0.05).Conclusions: nTMS motor maps can be easily implemented in standard RT planning and applied for target contouring in RT of HGGs. Doses to motor-eloquent areas can be significantly reduced when considering nTMS motor maps without affecting treatment doses to the PTV. Thus, nTMS could be used as a valuable tool in RT planning.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Brain Mapping ; Eloquent Tumor ; High-grade Glioma ; Motor Mapping ; Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation ; Radiotherapy; Brain-stimulation; Normal Tissue; Radiation-therapy; Recurrent Gliomas; Survival; Improves; Risk; Neuronavigation; Toxicity; Children
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0167-8140
e-ISSN 1879-0887
Quellenangaben Band: 138, Heft: , Seiten: 30-37 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Elsevier House, Brookvale Plaza, East Park Shannon, Co, Clare, 00000, Ireland
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed