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Fei, Y.* ; Liu, X.* ; Mu, J.* ; Li, J.* ; Yu, X.* ; Chang, J.* ; Bi, Y.* ; Stöger, T. ; Wajid, A.* ; Muzyka, D.* ; Sharshov, K.* ; Shestopalov, A.* ; Amonsin, A.* ; Chen, J.* ; Ding, Z.* ; Yin, R.*

The emergence of avian orthoavulavirus 13 in wild migratory waterfowl in China revealed the existence of diversified trailer region sequences and HN gene lengths within this serotype.

Viruses 11:646 (2019)
Verlagsversion DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Avian orthoavulavirus 13 (AOAV-13), also named avian paramyxovirus 13 (APMV-13), has been found sporadically in wild birds around the world ever since the discovery of AOAV-13 (AOAV-13/wild goose/Shimane/67/2000) in a wild goose from Japan in 2000. However, there are no reports of AOAV-13 in China. In the present study, a novel AOAV-13 virus (AOAV-13/wild goose/China/Hubei/V93-1/2015), isolated from a wild migratory waterfowl in a wetland of Hubei province of China, during active surveillance from 2013 to 2018, was biologically and genetically characterized. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated a very close genetic relationship among all AOAV-13 strains, as revealed by very few genetic variations. Moreover, pathogenicity tests indicated that the V93-1 strain is a low virulent virus for chickens. However, the genome of the V93-1 virus was found to be 16,158 nucleotides (nt) in length, which is 12 nt or 162 nt longer than the other AOAV-13 strains that have been reported to date. The length difference of 12 nt in strain V93-1 is due to the existence of three repeats of the conserved sequence, "AAAAAT", in the 5 '-end trailer of the genome. Moreover, the HN gene of the V93-1 virus is 2070 nt in size, encoding 610 aa, which is the same size as the AOAV-13 strain from Japan, whereas that of two strains from Ukraine and Kazakhstan are 2080 nt in length, encoding 579 aa. We describe a novel AOAV-13 in migratory waterfowl in China, which suggests that diversified trailer region sequences and HN gene lengths exist within serotype AOAV-13, and highlight the need for its constant surveillance in poultry from live animal markets, and especially migratory birds.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Avian Orthoavulavirus 13 ; Migratory Waterfowl ; Hn Gene ; Trailer ; Genetic Relationships; Genome Sequence; Paramyxovirus; Birds; Geese
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1999-4915
e-ISSN 1999-4915
Zeitschrift Viruses
Quellenangaben Band: 11, Heft: 7, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 646 Supplement: ,
Verlag MDPI
Verlagsort St Alban-anlage 66, Ch-4052 Basel, Switzerland
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed